Preoperative Intravenous Iron to Treat Anaemia in Major Surgery (PREVENTT)

ClinicalTrials.gov

UK Clinical Trials, clinical research uk

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01692418

Purpose

Anaemia is a common problem in patients undergoing surgery. About half of patients undergoing a major operation have anaemia, often a consequence of the disease requiring surgery. Anaemia causes patients to feel tired and unwell. Anaemia at the time of surgery increases the requirement for blood transfusion (50% if anaemic compared to only 15% without anaemia). Both anaemia and blood transfusions are associated with increased complications from surgery, delayed recovery and prolonged hospital stay. The investigators propose that giving intravenous iron before operation can be used to correct anaemia in these patients. Consequently if patients are not anaemic they are less likely to need blood transfusion. Also patients feel better and their health is improved before their operation they are more likely to tolerate the surgery, recover faster, be less likely to have complications from surgery and return home sooner. This will have benefits to the individual patient and also to the NHS by reducing costs.

Oral Iron tablets are not effective as they take 3-6 months to increase blood levels, the tablets are often not tolerated as cause constipation or stomach pain, overall only 30-50% of people continue taking oral iron. A full treatment dose of intravenous iron can be given in 15 minutes with minimal side effects. The effect is to rapidly increase blood counts in 2-4 weeks. The investigators propose that this treatment can be incorporated to patient preparation pathways for surgery as an outpatient without the need for additional visits to hospital.

Small studies have suggested a benefit of iron therapy in orthopaedic and gynaecological surgery. This study will look at 500 patients undergoing major surgery at 20 hospitals in the UK. The investigators anticipate half of patients treated will have their anaemia corrected before operation. Patients with anaemia will be identified as part of the routine blood tests taken preoperatively and invited to take part in the study. Following informed consent, they will be randomly allocated to receive either intravenous iron or a placebo infusion of saline. Intravenous iron is a dark liquid given continuously into a vein over 15 minutes. To ensure neither doctor nor patient knows which treatment is being given both infusions will be prepared and administered by an unblinded authorised person via a black bag through black tubing. There will be no other changes to the patient’s normal treatment.

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment

Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study: 18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study: Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers: No

Criteria
Inclusion Criteria:

At least 18 years of age and signed written informed consent.
Patients undergoing elective major open abdominal surgery.

The Indication for operation may be for benign or malignant disease.
Major Surgery is defined as an operation of anticipated duration more than one hour.
Screening haemoglobin (Hb) greater than or equal to 90 g/L (9.0 g/dL) but below or equal to 120 g/L (12.0 g/dL) in women or 130 g/L (13.0 g/dL) in men within four weeks of randomisation.
Randomisation and administration of study infusion a minimum of 10 days and maximum 42 days before planned operation.
Negative pregnancy test for women of childbearing potential (within last 7 days), and agree to use effective form of contraception until 6 weeks post treatment.
Laboratory data used for determination of eligibility at the baseline visit must not be older than four weeks.

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery.
Body weight under 50kg.
Known history of acquired iron overload, or family history of haemochromatosis or thalassemia or TSAT > 50%.
Known reason for anaemia (e.g. untreated B12 or folate deficiency or haemoglobinopathy).
Known hypersensitivity to ferric carboxymaltose (Ferinject®) or its excipients.
Temperature > 37.5 degrees celsius or patient on non-prophylactic antibiotics
Chronic liver disease and/or screening alanine transaminase (ALT) or aspartate transaminase (AST) above three times the upper limit of the normal range.
Received erythropoietin, i.v. iron therapy or blood transfusion in the previous 12 weeks.
Immunosuppressive therapy (for organ transplantation) or renal dialysis (current or planned within the next 12 months).
Patients with severe asthma or severe allergy (requiring hospitalisation within the last 12 months).
Unfit for elective surgery.
Pregnancy or lactation.
Inability to fully comprehend and/or perform study procedures in the investigator’s opinion.
Patient involvement in another IMP trial within the previous 4 weeks, prior to randomisation. Involvement in another IMP trial, following randomisation, that may impact on the results of the PREVENTT trial.

The main aim of this study is to assess if intravenous iron will reduce the need for blood transfusion in the time period around the operation. Further outcome measures will include; patient-reported quality of life, complications, length of hospital stay, and cost. Outcomes will be assessed both during hospital stay and after the patient has been discharged. The trial will be run through a Clinical Trials Unit with considerable experience in conducting large trials. The team has a large range of experience in anaemia management and assessment of complications, quality of life and the cost of health care.

The main aim of this study is to assess if intravenous iron will reduce the need for blood transfusion in the time period around the operation. Further outcome measures will include; patient-reported quality of life, complications, length of hospital stay, and cost. Outcomes will be assessed both during hospital stay and after the patient has been discharged. The trial will be run through a Clinical Trials Unit with considerable experience in conducting large trials. The team has a large range of experience in anaemia management and assessment of complications, quality of life and the cost of health care.

Contacts and Locations

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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01692418

Contacts
Contact: Toby Richards, MD FRCS toby.richards@ucl.ac.uk

Locations
United Kingdom
Blackpool Teaching Hospitals Recruiting
Blackpool, United Kingdom
Principal Investigator: Jason Cupitt

 

To apply for this job please visit the following URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/study/NCT01692418 →